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Madiha Rizvi Group

Public·18 members
Archipp Likhachev
Archipp Likhachev

3D Anatomy ##TOP##


ANATOMY 3D ATLAS allows you to study human anatomy in an easy and interactive way. Through a simple and intuitive interface it is possible to observe, by highly detailed 3D models, every anatomical structure of the human body from any angle.




3D Anatomy



Complete Anatomy 2023 is the first teaching platform to tackle the centuries-long absence of non-white bodies in anatomy learning, increasing racial representation and diversity in health education


The medical field grapples with bias on several fronts, including sex and race. The positioning of the light-skinned European male as the universalized default goes back to the advent of anatomy study in the western world. Centuries later, diverse skin tones and facial features are still lacking; something that can negatively impact patient care. A study published in the American Journal of Public Health found that racial bias amongst healthcare workers can be linked to poorer patient outcomes for people of color.One important example is in skin cancer treatment, which requires clinicians to look for melanomas on nails, hands, and feet. Melanomas can appear differently on differing skin tones. Thus, resulting in an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis if a healthcare professional is not familiar with how melanomas present on differing skin tones. The same problem can be seen when diagnosing conditions such as Lyme disease. According to a study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, because darker skin tones are not represented enough in medical textbooks, it is difficult for physicians to recognize dermatologic manifestations in diseases like Lyme disease. A delayed diagnosis here can ultimately lead to patients suffering from more severe neurological issues.


3D4Medical has been developing medical and anatomical products since 2009 and was acquired by Elsevier in 2019. 3D4Medical from Elsevier has continued to provide industry-leading innovations that have allowed new ways for students, educators and those in the medical community to learn and understand the human anatomy.


The emergence of dynamic visualizations of three-dimensional (3D) models in anatomy curricula may be an adequate solution for spatial difficulties encountered with traditional static learning, as they provide direct visualization of change throughout the viewpoints. However, little research has explored the interplay between learning material presentation formats, spatial abilities, and anatomical tasks. First, to understand the cognitive challenges a novice learner would be faced with when first exposed to 3D anatomical content, a six-step cognitive task analysis was developed. Following this, an experimental study was conducted to explore how presentation formats (dynamic vs. static visualizations) support learning of functional anatomy, and affect subsequent anatomical tasks derived from the cognitive task analysis. A second aim was to investigate the interplay between spatial abilities (spatial visualization and spatial relation) and presentation formats when the functional anatomy of a 3D scapula and the associated shoulder flexion movement are learned. Findings showed no main effect of the presentation formats on performances, but revealed the predictive influence of spatial visualization and spatial relation abilities on performance. However, an interesting interaction between presentation formats and spatial relation ability for a specific anatomical task was found. This result highlighted the influence of presentation formats when spatial abilities are involved as well as the differentiated influence of spatial abilities on anatomical tasks.


The head and neck region is one of the most complex areas featured in the medical gross anatomy curriculum. The effectiveness of using three-dimensional (3D) models to teach anatomy is a topic of much discussion in medical education research. However, the use of 3D stereoscopic models of the head and neck circulation in anatomy education has not been previously studied in detail. This study investigated whether 3D stereoscopic models created from computed tomographic angiography (CTA) data were efficacious teaching tools for the head and neck vascular anatomy. The test subjects were first year medical students at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. The assessment tools included: anatomy knowledge tests (prelearning session knowledge test and postlearning session knowledge test), mental rotation tests (spatial ability; presession MRT and postsession MRT), and a satisfaction survey. Results were analyzed using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test and linear regression analysis. A total of 39 first year medical students participated in the study. The results indicated that all students who were exposed to the stereoscopic 3D vascular models in 3D learning sessions increased their ability to correctly identify the head and neck vascular anatomy. Most importantly, for students with low-spatial ability, 3D learning sessions improved postsession knowledge scores to a level comparable to that demonstrated by students with high-spatial ability indicating that the use of 3D stereoscopic models may be particularly valuable to these students with low-spatial ability. Anat Sci Educ 10: 34-45. 2016 American Association of Anatomists.


Keywords: 3D stereoscopic models; 3D virtual models; anatomy assessment; anatomy knowledge test; anatomy teaching; gross anatomy education; medical education; spatial ability; vasculature of the head and neck.


Three-dimensional (3D) information plays an important part in medical and veterinary education. Appreciating complex 3D spatial relationships requires a strong foundational understanding of anatomy and mental 3D visualization skills. Novel learning resources have been introduced to anatomy training to achieve this. Objective evaluation of their comparative efficacies remains scarce in the literature. This study developed and evaluated the use of a physical model in demonstrating the complex spatial relationships of the equine foot. It was hypothesized that the newly developed physical model would be more effective for students to learn magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomy of the foot than textbooks or computer-based 3D models. Third year veterinary medicine students were randomly assigned to one of three teaching aid groups (physical model; textbooks; 3D computer model). The comparative efficacies of the three teaching aids were assessed through students' abilities to identify anatomical structures on MR images. Overall mean MRI assessment scores were significantly higher in students utilizing the physical model (86.39%) compared with students using textbooks (62.61%) and the 3D computer model (63.68%) (P


By joining our community you will be able to access 3D, interactive, veterinary learning content directly within your web browser. Our focus currently is on anatomy, but as a solid understanding of anatomy is so important for clinical practice, our content is popular with both veterinary students, and clinicians.


Primal Pictures 3D anatomy model, built using real scan data from the visible human project, has been carefully segmented to create an unparalleled level of detail and accuracy. All of the content within this program has been verified by qualified anatomists and by a team of external experts for each body area.


These are not just anatomy modules, but simple animated illustrations of organs, diseases, processes, and conditions affecting the human body. For example, here is an image from an illustration on how leukemia occurs (in the module the cells are moving and multiplying):


A 20-week ultrasound, sometimes called an anatomy scan or anomaly scan, is a prenatal ultrasound performed between 18 and 22 weeks of pregnancy. It checks on the physical development of the fetus and can detect certain congenital disorders as well as major anatomical abnormalities. Your healthcare provider will use a 2D, 3D or even 4D ultrasound to take images of the fetus inside your uterus. The ultrasound technician, or sonographer, will take measurements and make sure the fetus is growing appropriately for its age. You may also learn the sex of the fetus at this appointment.


Statistical 3D shape models of the distal radius can be generated using clinical CT-data sets. These models can be used to assess overall bone variance, define and analyze standardized cut-planes, and identify the gender of an unknown sample. These data highlight the potential of shape models to assess the 3D anatomy and anatomical variance of human bones.


A well-established methodology in assessment of 3D anatomy and anatomical variances of bones are statistical shape models. These can be generated from a database of CT scans. Following 3D surface segmentation, a dense set of corresponding surface landmarks is generated for each bone. Based on this information, 3D shape models can be calculated and the variation of each surface point within the population illustrated. These variations are referred to as modes. A further application of these 3D shape models is the generation of two-dimensional (2D) slices of each bone within the database with identical matching location and orientation. Finally, the 3D shape models can be used to classify anatomical geometries into groups, for instance to determine gender of unidentified bones.


This study is the first to approach the three-dimensional anatomy of the distal radius and examine its variability within a population. The morphometric parameters calculated from the mean shape model, correlated well with those from the individual cut planes. Moreover, these morphometric values mirror data from previous studies in similar populations [2, 8]. However, published morphometric distal radius values have shown a broad range, even within a population. This may either be due to a natural wide variability, or variations in measurement location between these studies. 041b061a72


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